Indian Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

The Indian Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement: What You Need to Know

The Indian Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement, also known as the Indo-US nuclear deal, is an accord signed between India and the United States in 2008. The agreement aims to facilitate nuclear cooperation between the two countries and end the nuclear isolation that India has faced since it conducted nuclear tests in 1998.

The accord has been hailed as a significant development in India`s quest to become a global player in the nuclear energy sector. The agreement allows India to import nuclear fuel and technology from the US and other countries to augment its nuclear energy capacity. It also provides for American support in India`s quest for membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).

The deal was initiated by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and US President George W. Bush. It was ratified by the US Congress in 2008 and the Indian Parliament in 2010. The agreement was seen as a major shift in US policy towards India, which was previously seen as a non-proliferation pariah.

The agreement has faced criticism from some quarters, including non-proliferation advocates and Pakistan. Critics have argued that the deal undermines the global non-proliferation regime and sets a dangerous precedent for other countries seeking nuclear weapons. Pakistan, India`s neighbor and rival, has also lobbied against the deal, arguing that it upsets the strategic balance in South Asia.

Despite these criticisms, the deal has been seen as a landmark in India`s quest for energy security. India has long struggled with energy shortages, and the deal provides a boost to its efforts to increase its nuclear energy capacity. The deal also serves as a symbol of India`s growing global clout and its ability to negotiate on equal terms with major powers like the US.

In conclusion, the Indian Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement is an important accord that seeks to deepen nuclear cooperation between India and the US. The agreement has faced criticism from some quarters, but it has also been hailed as a significant development in India`s quest for energy security and global recognition. As India continues to grow as a major economic and strategic player, the importance of the Indo-US nuclear deal is likely to increase.